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Treaty of Tordesillas An agreement between Portugal and Spain which declared that newly discovered lands to the west of an imaginary line in the Atlantic Ocean would belong to Ap Us History Manifest Destiny Essay and newly discovered lands to the east of the line would belong to Portugal. The oldest continually inhabited European settlement in United States territory. A settlement established by go here Dutch near the mouth of Hudson River and the southern end of Manhattan Island.
Annexed by the English in A French colony in North America. Fell to the British in Treaty of Utrecht John Smith - Demanded that more info who does not work, will not eat. Rebellion of discontent former landless servants led by Nathaniel Bacon. Led to a move from indentured servants to African slaves for labor purposes. The first permanent English settlement in New England; established by religious separatists seeking autonomy from the church of England.
Group of Puritan separatists who established Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts to seek religious freedom after having lived briefly in the Netherlands. Massachusetts Bay Colony Home to many Puritans who left England because of the persecution they faced from the Anglican Church. Developed into a theocracy in which the church was central to all decisions; became the first English colony to establish the basis for a representative government.
John Winthrop - Envisioned the colony as a "City upon a Hill. Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony who was instrumental in forming the colony's government and Ap Us History Manifest Destiny Essay its legislative policy; envisioned the colony as a "city upon a hill" from which Puritans would spread religious righteousness throughout the world.
An English Quaker who founded Pennsylvania in as a "holy experiment" based on religious tolerance. Maryland Toleration Act The first law on religious tolerance in the British North America; allowed freedom of worship for all Christians - including Catholics - in Maryland, but sentenced to death anyone who denied the divinity of Jesus. Religious revival movement during the s and s; stressed the need for source to repent and urged a personal understanding of truth.
Reduced the number of church leaders and led to a schism within the Protestant Church. The most serious slave rebellion in the the colonial period; inspired in part by Spanish officials' promise of freedom for American slaves who escaped to Florida.
*AP is a registered trademark of the College Board, Which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product. 1. “Be it enacted That after the five and twentieth day of March, , no goods or merchandizes whatsoever shall be imported into, or exported out of, any. Start studying AP US History. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. APUSH Review Sheet for AP US History Review: Packet, Notes, and Study Guide. 1. Early Discovery & Settlement 2. America & the British Empire 3. Late 17c and 18c American Society.
Led to the Negro Act of prohibiting slaves from growing their own food, assembling in groups, earning money, or learning to read and making it more difficult to free slaves. Albany Plan of Union Peace of Paris Ended French and Indian War Terms: Britain gained Spanish Florida.
Spain gained French territory west of the Mississippi, including control of the port city of New Orleans. Prime Minister Robert Walpole's policy in dealing with the American colonies. Replaced the Molasses Act Taxed all printed material in the colonies, including - but not limited to - stamps, legal documents, newspapers, playing cards, etc.
Suspended the New York Assembly for refusing to provide British troops with supplies. Issued Writs of Assistance. Writs of Assistance Special search warrants that allowed tax collectors to enter homes or businesses to search for smuggled goods. An incident in which British soldiers fired into a crowd of colonists learn more here were teasing and taunting them; five colonists were killed.
Boston's radicals used to incident to Ap Us History Manifest Destiny Essay an Anti-British propaganda war.
Officials threatened to charge those involved with treason,moving their trials to England; led to the formation of the Committees of Correspondence. Undermined colonial tea merchants; led to the Boston Tea Party. Boston Tea Party Led to the Intolerable Acts. Intolerable Acts Coercive Acts British response to the Boston Tea Party Provisions: Boston Port Act - Closed the port of Boston and relocated the customs house so click the following article some important supplies http://agnix.info/edu-help/esl-writing-a-book-report.php enter Massachusetts.
Massachusetts Government Act - Limited town meetings and replaced the Massachusetts judiciary and council members with Crown appointees. Administration of Justice Act - Required that trials of royal officials accused of serious crimes in the colonies be held in Britain.
Quartering Act - Required all colonists to house British troops when ordered. Extended Quebec's boundary to the Ohio River, recognized Catholicism as its official religion, and established a non-representative government for its citizens. Colonists feared a precedent had been established in regards to the type of government that had been established in Quebec and resented the expansion of its borders into territory to which they had been denied access by the Proclamation of First Continental Congress Met to discuss a response to the Intolerable Acts; adopted the Declaration and Resolves in which they: Declared the Intolerable Acts null and void.
Recommended that colonists arm themselves and that militias be formed.
Recommended a boycott of British imports. Radicals at the 1CC. Believed that the colonies' relationship with Britain had already passed a point of no return. Moderates at the 1CC.
John Dickinson, George Washington Ideas: Believed that the relationship between the colonies and Great Britain could be repaired. Conservatives at the 1CC. John Jay, Joseph Galloway Ideas: Were not source to make an aggressive response but did favor a mild rebuke of the British; Galloway proposed a union of colonies under British authority with a colonial "grand council" with the power to veto British acts.
Lexington and Concord Site of the first shots of the American Revolution. Second Continental Congress Managed the colonial war effort, and moved incrementally towards independence - finally adopting the Declaration of Independence in Battle of Bunker Hill First major battle of the American Revolution; ended in colonial defeat.
The British suffered heavy casualties, including a notably large number of officers.
manifest destiny ap us history essay
click at this page Capture of Fort Ticonderoga Colonists transported cannons and other armaments from the fort to Boston fortifying Dorchester Heights and breaking the standoff at the Siege of Boston.
Olive Branch Petition Adopted by the Continental Congress in an attempt to avoid a full-blown war with Great Britain. Affirmed American loyalty to Great Britain and entreated the king to prevent further conflict. Rejected and the colonies were formally declared in rebellion. Patriot and writer whose pamphlet Common Sense convinced many Americans that it was time to declare independence from Britain.
Declaration of Independence Written by Thomas Jefferson; influenced by the Enlightenment philosophers of his day. Part 1 - Explains the necessity of independence for the preservation of basic laws and rights.
Part 2 - Lists a series of "abuses and usurpations" by the king and his government; Jefferson claimed that this treatment violated the social contract the British monarch had with the his Ap Us History Manifest Destiny Essay, thereby justifying the actions his American subjects felt compelled to take. Part 3 - Ends with what is tantamount to a formal declaration of war. Battle of Trenton Battle that ended with an American victory against the Hessian mercenaries hired by the British.
Boosted American morale and inspired re-enlistments. Site of the military camp of the American Continental Army over the winter of during the American Ap Us History Manifest Destiny Essay War.
Battle of Saratoga Decisive colonial victory in upstate New York; considered to be the turning point of the American Revolution. Caused France to openly support the colonies with military forces in addition to the supplies and money already being sent. Battle of Yorktown Last major battle of the American Revolution. Prompted the British government to negotiate an end to the conflict. Treaty of Paris Ended the American Revolution Terms: American fishing ships were given unlimited access to the waters off Newfoundland.
A unicameral legislature No authority for Congress to impose taxes One vote in Congress for each state No national court system No provision for a uniform national currency No chief executive A requirement that 9 article source the 13 states approve passage of certain legislation Unanimity for amendments to the Articles of Confederation Ap Us History Manifest Destiny Essay authority for Congress to regulate either interstate or foreign commerce.
An armed uprising that took place in central and western Massachusetts protesting mortgage foreclosures.