He is known for his satirical works, particularly Vanity Faira panoramic portrait of English society.
Richmond died inwhich article source Anne to send her son to England inwhile she remained in British Essay On Kolkata Book Fair 2011. The ship on which he travelled made a short stopover at Saint Helenawhere the imprisoned Napoleon was pointed out to him. Once in England he was educated at schools in Southampton and Chiswickand then at Charterhouse Schoolwhere he became a close friend of John Leech.
Thackeray disliked Charterhouse,  and parodied it in his fiction as "Slaughterhouse". Nevertheless, Thackeray was honoured in the Charterhouse Chapel with a monument after his death. Illness in his last year there, during which he reportedly grew to his full height of six foot three, postponed his matriculation at Trinity College, Cambridgeuntil February Thackeray then travelled for some time on the continent, visiting Paris and Weimarwhere he met Goethe.
He returned to England and began to study law at the Middle Templebut soon gave that up.
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On reaching the age of 21 he came into his inheritance from his father, but he squandered much of it on gambling and on funding two unsuccessful newspapers, The National Standard and The Constitutionalfor which he had hoped to write. He also lost a good part of his fortune in the collapse of two Indian banks. Forced to consider a profession to support himself, he turned first to art, which he studied in Paris, but did not pursue it, except in later years as the illustrator of some of his own novels and other writings.
Thackeray's years of semi-idleness ended after he married, on 20 AugustIsabella Gethin Shawe —second daughter of Isabella Creagh Shawe and Matthew Shawe, a colonel who had died after distinguished service, primarily in India. The Thackerays had three children, all girls: Anne Isabella —Jane who died at eight months old and Harriet Marian —who married Sir Leslie Stepheneditor, biographer and philosopher. Thackeray now began "writing for his life", as he put it, turning to journalism in an effort to support his young family.
He primarily click at this page for Fraser's Magazinea sharp-witted and sharp-tongued conservative publication for which he produced art criticism, short fictional sketches, and two longer fictional works, Catherine and The Luck of Barry Lyndon. Between and he also reviewed books for The Times. Later, through his connection to the illustrator John Leechhe began writing for the newly created magazine Punchin which he published The Snob Paperslater Essay On Kolkata Book Fair 2011 as The Book of Snobs.
This work popularised the modern meaning of the word "snob". Tragedy struck in Thackeray's personal life as his wife, Isabella, succumbed to depression see more the birth of their third child, in Finding that he could get no work done at home, he spent more and more time away until Septemberwhen he realised how grave his wife's condition was.
Struck by guilt, he set out with his wife to Ireland. During the crossing she threw herself from Essay On Kolkata Book Fair 2011 water-closet into the sea, but she was pulled from the waters.
They fled back home after a four-week battle with her mother. From November to February Essay On Kolkata Book Fair 2011 was in and out of professional care, as her condition waxed and waned. She eventually deteriorated into a permanent state of detachment from reality. Thackeray desperately sought cures for her, but nothing worked, and she ended up in two different asylums in or near Paris untilafter which Thackeray took her back to England, where he installed her with a Mrs Bakewell at Camberwell.
Isabella outlived her husband by 30 Essay On Kolkata Book Fair 2011, in the end being cared for by a family named Thompson in Leigh-on-Sea at Southend until her death in In Mr Brookfield barred Thackeray from further visits to or correspondence with Jane. Baxter, an American twenty years Thackeray's junior whom he met during a lecture tour in New York City inmarried another man in However, as the book appealed to British prejudices, Thackeray was given the job of being Punch ' s Irish expert, often under the pseudonym Hibernis Hibernior.
Even before Vanity Fair completed its serial run Thackeray had become a celebrity, sought after by the very lords and ladies whom he satirised. They hailed him as the equal of Dickens. He remained "at the top of the tree", as he put it, for the rest of his life, during which he produced several large novels, notably PendennisThe Newcomes and The History of Henry Esmonddespite various illnesses, including a near-fatal one that struck him in in the middle of writing Pendennis.
He twice visited the United States on lecture tours during this period. Thackeray also gave lectures in London on the English humorists of the eighteenth century, and on the first four Hanoverian monarchs. The latter series was published in book form as The Four Georges. In Oxford he stood unsuccessfully as an independent for Parliament.
He was narrowly beaten by Cardwellwho received 1, votes, as against continue reading, for Thackeray.
In Thackeray became editor of the newly established Cornhill Magazinebut he was never comfortable in the role, preferring to contribute to the magazine as the writer of a column called " Roundabout Papers ". Thackeray's health worsened during the s and he was plagued by a recurring stricture of the urethra that laid him up for days at a time. He also felt that he had lost much of his creative impetus.
He worsened matters by excessive eating and drinking, and avoiding exercise, though he enjoyed riding he kept a horse. He has been described as "the greatest literary glutton who ever lived". His main activity apart from writing was "guttling and gorging".
On 23 Decemberafter returning from dining out and before dressing for bed, he suffered a stroke. He was found dead in his bed the following morning.
Kolkata Book Fair 2011 - Theme Pavilion USA
His death at the age of fifty-two was entirely unexpected, and shocked his family, his friends and the reading public. An estimated 7, people attended his funeral at Kensington Gardens. Thackeray began as a satirist and parodist, writing works that displayed a sneaking fondness for roguish upstarts such as Becky Sharp in Vanity Fairand the title characters of The Luck of Barry Lyndon and Catherine. In his earliest works, written under such pseudonyms as Charles James Yellowplush, Michael Angelo Titmarsh and George Savage Fitz-Boodle, he tended towards savagery in his attacks on high society, military prowess, the institution of marriage and hypocrisy.
One of his earliest works, "Timbuctoo"contains a burlesque upon the subject set for the Cambridge Chancellor's Medal for English Verse the contest was won by Tennyson with "Timbuctoo". Thackeray's writing career really began with a series of satirical sketches now usually known as The Yellowplush Paperswhich appeared in Fraser's Magazine beginning in Between May and February Fraser's published the work sometimes considered Thackeray's first novel, Catherine.
Originally intended as a satire of the Newgate school of crime fiction, it ended up being more of a picaresque tale. He also began work, never finished, on the novel later published as A Shabby Genteel Story.
In The Luck of Barry Lyndona novel serialised in Fraser's inThackeray explored the situation of an outsider trying to achieve status in high society, a theme he developed more successfully in Vanity Fair with the character of Becky Sharp, the artist's daughter who rises nearly to the heights by manipulating the other characters.
Thackeray is probably best known now for Vanity Fair. In contrast, his large novels from the period after Vanity Fairwhich were once described by Henry James as examples of "loose baggy monsters", have largely faded from view, perhaps just click for source they reflect a mellowing in Thackeray, who had become so successful with his Essay On Kolkata Book Fair 2011 on society that he seemed to lose Essay On Kolkata Book Fair 2011 zest for attacking it.
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These later works include Pendennisa Bildungsroman depicting the coming of age of Arthur Pendennis, an alter ego of Thackeray, who also features as the narrator Essay On Kolkata Book Fair 2011 two later novels, The Newcomes and The Adventures of Philip. The Newcomes is noteworthy for its critical portrayal of the "marriage market," while Philip is known Au Editing Popular Paper Websites its semi-autobiographical depiction of Thackeray's early life, in which he partially regains some of his early satirical power.
Also notable among the later novels is The History of Henry Esmondin which Thackeray tried to Essay On Kolkata Book Fair 2011 a novel in the style of the eighteenth century, a period that held great appeal for him. About this novel, there have been found evident analogies—in the fundamental structure of the plot; in the psychological outlines of the main characters; in frequent episodes; and in the use of metaphors—to Ippolito Nievo 's "Confessions of an Italian".
Not only Esmond but also Barry Lyndon and Catherine are set in that period, as is the sequel to EsmondThe Virginianswhich takes place in North America and includes George Washington as a character who nearly kills one of the protagonists in a duel.
Thackeray's father, Richmond Thackeray, was born at South Mimms and went to India in at age sixteen as a writer civil servant with the East India Company. Richmond fathered a daughter, Sarah Redfield, in with Charlotte Sophia Rudd, his possibly Eurasian mistress, and both mother and daughter were named in his will. Such liaisons were common among gentlemen of the East India Company, and it formed no bar to his later courting and marrying William's mother.
Thackeray's mother, Anne Becher bornwas "one of the reigning beauties of the day" and a daughter of John Harmon Becher, Collector of the South 24 Parganas district d. Calcutta,of an old Bengal civilian family "noted for the tenderness of its women". Anne Becher, her sister Harriet and their widowed mother, also Harriet, had been sent back to India by her authoritarian guardian grandmother, Ann Becher, in on the Earl Howe.
Anne's grandmother had told her that the man she loved, Henry Carmichael-Smyth, an ensign in the Bengal Engineers whom she met at an Assembly Ball in in Bathhad died, while he was told that Anne was no longer interested in him. Neither of these assertions was true.
Though Carmichael-Smyth was from a distinguished Scottish military family, Anne's grandmother went to extreme lengths to prevent their marriage. Surviving family letters state that she wanted a better match for her granddaughter. Their only child, William, was born on 18 July Anne's family's deception was unexpectedly revealed inwhen Richmond Thackeray unwittingly invited the supposedly dead Carmichael-Smyth to dinner. The couple moved to England inafter having sent William off to school there more than three years earlier.
The separation from his mother had a traumatic effect on the young Thackeray, which he discussed in his essay "On Letts's Diary" in The Roundabout Papers. Thackeray is an ancestor of the British financier Ryan Williams, and is the great-great-great-grandfather of the British comedian Al Murray. During the Victorian era Thackeray was ranked second only to Charles Dickensbut he is now much less widely read and is known almost exclusively for Vanity Fairwhich has become a fixture in university courses, and has been repeatedly adapted for the cinema and television.
In Thackeray's own day some commentators, such as Anthony Trolloperanked his History of Henry Esmond as his greatest work, perhaps because read more expressed Victorian values of duty and earnestness, as did some of his other later novels.
It is perhaps for this reason that they have not survived as well as Vanity Fairwhich satirises Essay On Kolkata Book Fair 2011 values. Thackeray saw himself as writing in the realistic tradition, and distinguished his work from the exaggerations and sentimentality of Dickens. Some later commentators have accepted this self-evaluation and seen him as a realist, but others note his inclination to use eighteenth-century narrative techniques, such as digressions and direct addresses to the reader, and argue that through them he frequently disrupts the illusion of reality.
The school of Henry Jameswith its emphasis on maintaining that illusion, marked a break with Thackeray's techniques. In the Royal Society of Arts unveiled a blue plaque to commemorate Thackeray at the house at 2 Palace Green, London, that Essay On Kolkata Book Fair 2011 been built for him in the s. Thackeray's former home in Tunbridge Wells, Kent, is now a restaurant named after the author.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses with the name Thackeray, see Thackeray disambiguation.
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A Cambridge Alumni Database. Thackeray the Man, —London: A Thackeray Family Biography, —Cambridge: Retrieved 9 February