The capital is Washington, D. Forty-eight states more info the capital's federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico.
The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid- Pacific Ocean. The extremely diverse geographyclimateand wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries. Paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15, years ago.
Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolutionwhich began inand the subsequent Declaration of Independence in The war ended in with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power.
The United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories displacing Native American tribesand gradually admitting new states click at this page it spanned the continent by The United States emerged from World War II as a global superpowerthe first country to develop nuclear weaponsthe only country to use them in warfareand a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council.
The end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in left the United States as the world's sole superpower. Joseph ReedMoylan expressed his wish to carry the "full and ample powers of the United States of America" to Spain to assist in the revolutionary war effort. The second draft of the Articles of Confederationprepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17,at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the 'United States of America ' ".
The short form "United States" is also standard. Other common Essays On The Battle Of Mogadishu are the "U. Colloquial names are the "U.
The phrase "United States" was originally plural, Essays On The Battle Of Mogadishu description of a collection of independent states—e.
The singular form is now standard; the plural form is retained in the idiom "these United States". The difference is more significant than usage; it is a difference between a collection of states and a unit.
A citizen of the United States is an " American ". In English, the word " American " rarely refers to topics or subjects not connected with the United States. The first inhabitants of North America migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 15, years ago, though increasing evidence suggests an even earlier arrival.
Over time, indigenous cultures in North America grew increasingly complex, and some, such as the pre-Columbian Mississippian culture in the southeast, developed advanced agriculture, grand architecture, and state-level societies. In the southern Great Lakes region, the Iroquois Confederacy Haudenosaunee was established at some point between the twelfth  and fifteenth centuries,  lasting until the end of the Revolutionary War.
The date of the first settlements of the Hawaiian Islands is a topic of continuing debate. After Spain sent Columbus on his first voyage to the New World inother explorers followed. The French established their own as well along the Mississippi River. Many settlers were dissenting Christian groups who came seeking religious freedom. The continent's first elected legislative assembly, Virginia's House of Burgesses created inthe Mayflower Compactsigned by the Pilgrims before disembarking, and the Fundamental Orders of Connecticutestablished precedents for the pattern of representative self-government and constitutionalism that would develop throughout the American colonies.
Most settlers in every colony were small farmers, but other industries developed within a few decades as varied as the settlements. Cash crops included tobacco, rice and wheat. Extraction industries grew up in furs, fishing and lumber. Manufacturers produced rum and ships, and by the late colonial period Americans were producing one-seventh of the world's iron supply.
English colonists were supplemented by waves of Scotch-Irish and other groups.
The primary coins were made of electrum, which is an alloy that occurs naturally in gold and silver. Playtika Gold Rewards Social advantages embody entry to greater than double the coin quantity in every coin package deal.
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As coastal land grew more expensive, freed indentured servants pushed further west. A large-scale slave trade with English privateers was begun. With the British colonization of Georgia inthe 13 colonies that would become the United States of America were established.
Relatively small Native American populations were eclipsed. During the Seven Years' War in the United States, known as the French and Indian WarBritish forces seized Canada from the Link, but the francophone population remained politically isolated from the southern colonies.
Excluding the Native Americanswho were being conquered and displaced, the 13 British colonies had a population of over 2.
Despite continuing new arrivals, the rate of natural increase was such that by the s only a small minority of Americans had been born overseas. Although the Spanish did not land, natives paddled to the ship to trade furs for abalone shells from California. After having arrived in the Hawaiian islands continue readingCaptain Cook sailed north and then northeast to explore the west coast of North America north of the Spanish settlements in Alta California.
There may also have been confusion with Nuu-chah-nulththe natives' autonym name for themselves. It may also have simply been based on Cook's mispronunciation of Yuquot, the native name of the place.
Somalia has been inhabited since at least the Paleolithic. During the Stone Age, the Doian and Hargeisan cultures flourished here. The oldest evidence of burial. Watson arrived in Mogadishu in , just as the National Range Agency was starting its work. Through much of the s, he led a small team of scientists who, with. The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major. As the African Union declares the “Year of Women’s Empowerment”, Belinda Otas examines what the declaration really entails. What does it take to empower.
With the progress of European colonization in the territories of the contemporary United States, the Native Americans were often conquered and displaced. Violence was not a significant factor in the overall decline among Native Americansthough conflict among themselves and with Europeans affected specific tribes and various colonial settlements.
In the early days of colonization, many European settlers were subject to food shortages, disease, and attacks from Native Americans. Native Americans were also often at war with neighboring tribes and allied with Europeans in their colonial wars. At the same time, however, many natives and settlers came to depend on each other. Settlers traded for food and animal pelts, natives for guns, ammunition and other European wares. European missionaries and others felt it was important to "civilize" the Native Americans and urged them to adopt European agricultural techniques and lifestyles.
Captain James Cook's last voyage included sailing along the coast of North America and Alaska searching for a Northwest Passage for approximately nine months. He returned to the Hawaii to resupply, initially exploring the coasts of Maui and the big islandtrading with locals and then making anchor at Kealakekua Bay in Essays On The Battle Of Mogadishu When his ships and company left read article islands, a ship's mast broke in bad weather, forcing them to return in mid-February.
Cook would be killed days later. The American Revolutionary War was the first successful colonial war of independence against a European power.
Americans had developed an ideology of " republicanism " asserting that government rested on the will of the people as expressed in their local legislatures. They demanded their rights as Englishmen and "no taxation without representation". The British insisted on administering the empire through Parliament, and the conflict escalated into war.
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Following the passage of the Lee Resolutionon July 2,which was the actual vote for independence, the Second Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence on July 4, which proclaimed, in a long preamble, that humanity is created equal in their unalienable rights and that those rights were not being protected by Great Britainand declared, Essays On The Battle Of Mogadishu the words of the resolution, that the Thirteen Colonies were independent states and had no allegiance to the British crown in the United States.
The fourth day of July is here annually as Independence Day. Britain recognized the independence of the United States following their defeat at Yorktown more info Nationalists led the Philadelphia Convention of in writing the United States Constitutionratified in state conventions in The federal government was reorganized into three branches, on the principle of creating salutary checks and balances, in George Washington, who had led the revolutionary army to victory, was the first president elected under the new constitution.
The Bill of Rightsforbidding federal restriction of personal freedoms and guaranteeing a range of legal protections, was adopted in Although the federal government criminalized the international slave trade inaftercultivation of the highly profitable cotton crop exploded in the Deep Southand along with it, the slave population.
Mike Durant discusses the Battle of Mogadishu
In the North, it energized multiple social reform movements, including abolitionism ;  in the South, Methodists and Baptists proselytized among slave populations. Americans' eagerness to expand westward prompted a long series of American Indian Wars. From toJacksonian democracy began a set of reforms which included wider white male suffrage; it led to the rise of the Second Party System of Democrats and Whigs as the dominant parties from to The Click at this page of Tears in the s exemplified the Indian removal policy that resettled Indians into the west on Indian reservations.
The California Gold Rush of —49 spurred western migration and the creation of additional western states. Differences of opinion regarding the slavery of Africans and African Americans ultimately led to the American Civil War. But with additional western territory and more free-soil states, tensions between slave and free states mounted with arguments over federalism and disposition of the territories, whether and how to expand or restrict slavery.
With the election of Abraham Lincolnthe first president from the largely anti-slavery Republican Partyconventions in thirteen slave states ultimately declared secession and formed the Confederate States of America the "South"while the federal government the " Union " maintained that secession was illegal. The ensuing war would become the deadliest military conflict in American history, resulting in the deaths of approximatelysoldiers as well as many civilians.
Nevertheless, as casualties mounted after and Lincoln delivered his Emancipation Proclamationthe main purpose of the war from the Union's viewpoint became the abolition of slavery.
Indeed, when the Union ultimately won the war in Aprileach of the states in the defeated South was required to ratify the Thirteenth Amendmentwhich prohibited slavery.
Three Essays On The Battle Of Mogadishu were added to the U. Constitution in the years after the war: The war and its resolution led to a substantial increase in federal power  aimed at reintegrating and rebuilding the South while guaranteeing the rights of the newly freed slaves.
Reconstruction began in earnest following the war. While President Lincoln attempted to foster friendship and forgiveness between the Union and the former Confederacy, an assassin's bullet on April 14,drove a wedge between North and South again. Republicans in the federal government made it their goal to oversee the rebuilding of the South and to ensure the rights of African Americans. They persisted until the Compromise ofwhen the Republicans agreed to cease protecting the rights of African Americans in the South in order for Democrats http://agnix.info/edu-help/thesis-16-wp-theme.php concede the presidential election of Southern white Democrats, calling themselves " Redeemers ", took control of the South after the end of Reconstruction.
From toso-called Jim Crow laws disenfranchised most blacks and some poor whites throughout the region. Blacks faced racial segregationespecially in more info South. In the North, urbanization and an unprecedented influx of immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe supplied a surplus of labor for the country's industrialization and transformed its culture.
The later invention of electric light and the telephone would also affect communication and urban life. The end of the Indian Wars further expanded acreage under mechanical cultivation, increasing surpluses for international markets.
Virgin Islands from Denmark in Rapid economic development during the late 19th and early 20th centuries fostered the rise of many prominent industrialists. Tycoons like Cornelius VanderbiltJohn D. Rockefellerand Andrew Carnegie led the nation's progress in railroadpetroleumand steel industries. Banking became a major part of the economy, with J.
Morgan playing a notable role. Edison and Tesla undertook the widespread distribution of electricity to industry, homes, and for street lighting.