Creating an annotated bibliography lets your reader know what click the following article you used in the creation of your project.
First, an annotated bibliography tells the reader how many sources you used and the quality and range of sources used in your research. It provides evidence of the many hours that you spent doing research in libraries, archives, classrooms, and on the internet.
Second, the annotation informs the reader how you used your sources and why they were valuable to understanding your topic. An annotated bibliography is crucial to the NHD process because it shows judges the scope and depth of your research. Some key elements to consider when creating an annotated bibliography:. Put this title in the top center of your first page. The Chicago Manual of Style is the style most commonly used by professional historians when they write and publish their work. As you complete your research, you should sort your research into primary and secondary sources.
For complete definitions of primary and secondary sources, as well a complete set of the Contest Rules, go to www. You should build your bibliography as you conduct your research. Simply put, if you wait until the end of your project, this task will be messy, confusing, and complicated. It is easy to forget sources, mix up one source with another, and make simple mistakes.
Let us start by citing a simple source together. When you start citing, you have two options available.
Option one is to create a bibliography on your own. Option two is to use NoodleTools, a web-based program that will help you create a polished, accurate annotated bibliography and also keep track in note cards of the quotes and paraphrases and where you found them in your sources.
Since Help Me Write U.s. History And Government Annotated Bibliography is saved on a server, you do not have to worry about a water bottle exploding in your backpack and your notes getting soaked—the materials are always there when you log into the computer or via your tablet. While I will skim the book to get a sense of the author's purpose and argument, I want to use the Table of Contents or Index to focus in on the section that relates to my research. Using the index, I can jump to the section of the book where President Roosevelt is approached by Philippe Bunau-Varilla about a plan to get control of the canal that a French company began digging.
Random House When writing an NHD paper, you have two options on how to cite your sources. This section will address creating footnotes. Please note that it is also appropriate to use the parenthetical references described in the website section as well. Either is appropriate, but choose one way and be consistent with that method. Most historians use footnotes when they write a paper, article, or book. Footnotes allow link to keep track of your sources without interrupting the flow of the paper.
If my paper about Theodore Roosevelt and his foreign policy regarding Germany contains the text:. Allow your Help Me Write U.s. History And Government Annotated Bibliography processor to insert the footnote for you. It will do it automatically, and if you insert one into the middle of the paper, it will automatically renumber it for you.
The FIRST time that I use this source in this case it is a book in a footnote, my full footnote would look like this see footnote number one below. The footnote tells us the author, the title of the book, the basic publishing information, as well as the page or range of pages where my quote can be found. It is similar to your citation in your bibliography, but not exactly the same.
If you use this source again later in your paper, it is much easier. Assume that later in my paper I write the sentence:. See the next page for examples of how to footnote the most common types of sources that you will use in your NHD paper.
NoodleTools will provide you with a full and shortened footnote for each source. Modern Library, It is perfectly appropriate to write in your paper that: The Lusitania was hit by a German submarine at 2: A fishing fleet was called to help rescue as many passengers as possible in the North Atlantic.
If you have a quote that is more than two lines across the page, then it should be converted to a block quote. Please note that this kind of quote should be used very infrequently, but it can be effective.
A block quote should look like this:. The Constitution of the United States defined the weakness of the Articles of Confederation in the one-sentence preamble. We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves History Essay Deadline our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
Block quotes are single-spaced, tabbed on one half inch from the left side of the page, and do not need quotation marks around them. They should always have a footnote at the end attributing the source. After the quote, continue typing using double-spacing.
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Often you find that a series of sentences or even an entire paragraph is based on content from a single source. When that happens, signal to your reader that the following information came from a certain source and then cite it once at the end of the last sentence. Also note that your thesis statement and your arguments should be your original work, and should not be credited to another author.
What if all of the information, quotes and paraphrases, in one paragraph, comes from one source? How do I cite that?
When you cite in exhibits or websites, you do need to credit your sources, and brief citations do NOT count toward your word count.
You just add the minimal amount of information that would allow the viewer to find the source in your annotated bibliography.
Print sources should be cited with the author, the title, and a date when available. An example would be:. If I chose to use this quote, then I would expect to find a citation that would show where this text came from I might have found it in a book, on a website, or in an article and where I might go if I wanted the full text of what Alice Paul had to say in Visual Sources photographs, art, maps, charts, graphs, etc.
Please note that Google and other search engines are NOT viable sources. Saying that you got your picture from Google is like saying that you got your quote from a library. Just like you need to tell us which book your quote came from in the library, you also need to tell us which website made this image available to you. When you are creating a performance or a documentary, you do not need to actively cite sources during your presentation, because it would disrupt the flow of your product.
There are times when you would want to make a reference to a source, especially when you are referencing primary source here. You are NOT required to cite images as they appear on the screen.
You may add tags to the bottom of the screen to help an image or video clip make sense. For example, you might want to add a name of a speaker, or a relevant historical date during a particular video clip or still image. At the end of the documentary, you should include a list of relevant audio and visual sources that you included in your documentary.
This is not a repeat of your bibliography.
How to Write an Annotated Bibliography
Just name the major locations of your images. Now we need to create an annotation to support that citation. Essentially, we are giving the reader a hint about what he or she could find in this source. It identifies what type of source this is song, poem, book, website, journal article, diary entry, newspaper article, you get the drift….
This biography of Theodore Roosevelt helped me understand the way in which Philippe Bunau Varilla was able to get President Roosevelt to recognize the revolutionary government of Panama.
It also gave me details regarding the specific treaties signed between the two nations that gave the U. An annotation normally should be about sentences long. Really long annotations generally do not impress people.
Get to the point! Please understand that it is NOT the purpose of an annotation to summarize the book but to assess its value to your research. The NHD Contest Rule Book states that the annotations "must explain how the source was used and how it helped you understand your topic. Classification of primary or secondary source You should use the annotation to explain why you categorized a particular source as primary or secondary, only if that is likely to be controversial.
Historians do sometimes disagree, and there is not always one right answer, so justify your choice link the NHD judges. Secondary source that included primary material You may also use the annotation to explain that a book or other secondary source included several documents, photographs, or other primary materials used for the project.
But please note, this book is still a secondary source, and should be included in the secondary source section of your bibliography. You are supposed to give credit in a documentary for photos or other primary sources, but you can do this in a general way, such as by writing, "Photos from: You then can use the annotation in the bibliography to provide more detailed information about the images that you found and HOW you used them in your documentary.
When you find a collection of photographs that you want to use, you only need to cite them once, as a group. We cannot tell you a specific number of sources, as that will vary by the topic and by the resources to which you have reasonable access. For some topics, such as the Civil War or many twentieth century U. For other topics, such as those in ancient history or Help Me Write U.s.
History And Government Annotated Bibliography. The more good sources you have, the better, but do not pad your bibliography.
The article also compared the government of in the Hunger Games Features and Uses of an Annotated Bibliography - Annotated of Minors in the U.S. An annotated bibliography is crucial to the the revolutionary government of Panama. It also gave me details regarding century U.S. history. BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard. Help. TinyPortal; Login u.s. history and government annotated bibliography Justen Collins found the answer to a search query type my u.s. history and government. Jan 25, · could someone please help me write an annotated bibliography for this site: agnix.info who is the intended.
Only list items that you actually use; if you looked at a source but it did not help you at all, do not include it. Remember, quality sources that you use well are more impressive than a large quantity of sources that you barely touched. Whenever you are writing history in any form, you need to make decisions.
It is fine to build your project off the research of others, but you need to give credit to the original author of the document or creator of the artifact.
In fact, this is plagiarism. There are times when a quote is exactly what you need. Washington, or Alice Paul right to the page.