John Fitzgerald Kennedy May 29, — November 22,commonly referred to by his initials JFKwas an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January until his assassination in November Kennedy served at the height of the Cold Warand much of his presidency focused on managing relations with the Soviet Union.
Kennedy was born in Brookline, Massachusettsto Joseph P. A scion of the Kennedy familyhe graduated from Harvard University in before joining the U. Naval Reserve the following year. After the war, Kennedy represented the 11th congressional district of Massachusetts in the United States House of Representatives from John F Kennedy Essays He was subsequently elected to the U. Senate and served as the junior Senator from Massachusetts from until In the presidential electionKennedy narrowly defeated Republican opponent Richard Nixonwho was John F Kennedy Essays incumbent Vice President.
At age 43, he became the youngest elected president as well as the first and only Roman Catholic to occupy the office. Kennedy's time in office was marked by high tensions with communist states in the Cold War. In OctoberU. Domestically, Kennedy presided over the establishment of the Peace Corps and supported the African-American Civil Rights Movementbut he was largely unsuccessful in passing his New Frontier domestic policies.
Kennedy continues to rank highly in historians' polls of U. On November 22,Kennedy was assassinated in DallasTexas. Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested for the state crime, but he was more info prosecuted due to his murder by Jack Ruby two days later.
Johnson was sworn in as president later that day. The FBI and the Warren Commission officially concluded that Oswald was the lone assassin, but various groups challenged the findings of the Warren Report and believed that Kennedy was the victim of a conspiracy.
Kennedy and Boston Mayor John F. Fitzgerald were both Massachusetts politicians. All four of his grandparents were children of Irish immigrants. Joe Kennedy's business had kept him away from the family for long stretches of time, and his ventures John F Kennedy Essays concentrated on Wall Street and Hollywood.
In Aprilhe had an appendectomyafter which he withdrew from Canterbury and recuperated at home. In SeptemberKennedy attended Choatea boarding school in Wallingford, Connecticutfor 9th through 12th grade. His older brother Joe Jr. He spent his first years at Choate in his older brother's shadow, and compensated with rebellious behavior that attracted a coterie. They carried out their most notorious stunt by exploding a toilet seat with a powerful firecracker.
In the ensuing chapel assembly, the strict headmaster, George St.
John, brandished the toilet seat and spoke of certain "muckers" who John F Kennedy Essays "spit in our sea". During his years at Choate, Kennedy was beset by health problems that culminated with his emergency hospitalization in at New Haven Hospitalwhere doctors thought he might have had leukemia. In SeptemberKennedy made his first trip abroad when he traveled to London with his parents and his sister Kathleen.
Ill-health forced his return to America in October of that source, when he enrolled late and spent six weeks at Princeton University. InKennedy briefly attended Princeton Universitybut had to leave after two months due to a gastrointestinal illness.
Later, in SeptemberKennedy enrolled at Harvard College John F Kennedy Essays his application essay stated: I feel that Harvard can give me a better background and a better liberal education than any other university. I have always wanted to go there, as I have felt that it is not just another college, but is a university with something definite to offer.
Then too, I would like to go to the same visit web page as my father.
To be a 'Harvard man' is an enviable distinction, and one that I sincerely hope I shall attain. Ambassador to the Court of St. Two days later, the family was in the House of Commons for speeches endorsing the United Kingdom's declaration of war on Germany. Kennedy was sent as his father's representative to help with arrangements for American survivors of the SS Athenia before flying back to the U.
When Kennedy was an upperclassman at Harvard, he began to take his studies more seriously and developed an interest in political philosophy. He made the Dean's List in his junior year.
The thesis became a bestseller under the title Why England Slept. While Kennedy became increasingly supportive of U.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, – November 22, ), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of. Heavy snow fell the night before the inauguration, but thoughts about cancelling the plans were overruled. The election of had been close, and the Democratic. John Pendleton Kennedy (October 25, – August 18, ) was an American novelist and Whig politician who served as United States . It's the most controversial case in modern American history. Did Lee Harvey Oswald kill John Kennedy by himself, or did a conspiracy do it? And if a conspiracy did it. John F. Kennedy Jr., son of the late president John F. Kennedy (–), avoided politics and followed his own path as a magazine publisher.
InKennedy graduated cum laude from Harvard College with a Bachelor John F Kennedy Essays Arts in government, concentrating on international affairs.
That fall, he enrolled at the Stanford Graduate School of Business and audited classes there. InKennedy attempted to enter the army's Officer Candidate Schoolbut he was medically disqualified due to his chronic lower back problems. He exercised for months to straighten his back. He was commissioned an ensign on October 26, and joined the staff of the Office of Naval Intelligence in Washington, D. His first command was PT from December 7,until February 23, During the trip south, he was hospitalized briefly in Jacksonville after diving into the cold water to unfoul a propeller.
Thereafter, Kennedy was assigned duty in Panama and later in the Pacific theaterwhere he eventually commanded two more patrol torpedo PT boats. A lot of you men have families and some of you have children. What do you want to do? I have nothing to lose.
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On September 1,Kennedy returned to duty and took command of the PTa PT boat that had been converted into a gunboat. On Learn more here 2, John F Kennedy Essays here, which included three former PT crew members, took part with another boat in the successful rescue of 87 marines stranded on two rescue landing craft on the Warrior River at Choiseul Islandwhich was held by the Japanese.
After receiving treatment for his back injury, he was released from active duty in late His father also requested the Silver Star, which is awarded for gallantry in action, for his son.
He declined the medal. Inthe Navy again offered him the Bronze Star. Kennedy responded, repeating his original request concerning the award. He received the same response from the Navy as he had in The Navy said his actions were a lifesaving case.
Kennedy Presidential John F Kennedy Essays and Museum. On August 12,Kennedy's older brother, Joe Jr. His explosive-laden plane blew up when the plane's bombs detonated prematurely while the aircraft was flying over the English Channel.
On March 1,Kennedy retired from the Navy Reserve on physical disability and was honorably discharged with the full rank of lieutenant. They cut my PT boat in half. For this web page heroic conduct as Commanding Officer of Motor Torpedo Boat following the collision and sinking of that vessel in John F Kennedy Essays Pacific War area on August 1—2, Unmindful of personal danger, Lieutenant then Lieutenant, Junior Grade Kennedy unhesitatingly braved the difficulties and hazards of darkness to direct rescue operations, swimming many hours to secure aid and food after he had succeeded in getting his crew ashore.
His outstanding courage, endurance and leadership contributed to the saving of several lives and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
In AprilKennedy's father, who was a friend of William Randolph Hearstarranged a position for his son as a special correspondent for Hearst Newspapers ; the assignment kept Kennedy's name in the public eye and "expose[d] him to journalism as a possible career. JFK's elder brother Joe had been the John F Kennedy Essays political standard-bearer and had been tapped by their father to seek the Presidency.
Joe's death during the war in changed that course and the task now fell to the second eldest of the Kennedy siblings — John F. At the urging of Kennedy's father, U. Representative James Michael Curley vacated his source in the strongly Democratic 11th congressional district in Massachusetts to become mayor of Boston in With his father financing and running John F Kennedy Essays campaign, Kennedy won the Democratic primary with 12 percent of the vote, defeating ten other candidates.
Though Republicans took control of the House in the electionsKennedy defeated his Republican opponent in the general election, taking 73 percent of the vote. Click concentrated his attention on international affairs, supporting the Truman Doctrine as the appropriate response to the emerging Cold War.
He also supported public housing and opposed the Labor Management Relations Act ofwhich restricted the power of labor unions. Though not as vocal an anticommunist as McCarthy, Kennedy supported the Immigration and Nationality Act ofwhich required Communists to register with the government, and he deplored the " Loss of China.
Joseph Kennedy again financed and managed his son's candidacy, while John Kennedy's younger brother Robert Kennedy emerged as an important member of the campaign. Eisenhower carried Massachusetts by a margin ofvotes, but Kennedy defeated Lodge by 70, votes for the Senate seat. Kennedy underwent several spinal operations over the next two years. Often absent from the Senate, he was at times critically ill and received Catholic last rites. During his convalescence inhe published Profiles in Couragea book about U.
Kennedy finished second in the balloting, losing to Senator Estes Kefauver of Tennessee but receiving national exposure as a result.
Johnson agreed to let the provision die as a compromise measure. Many civil rights advocates at the time criticized that vote as one which would weaken the act. InKennedy was re-elected to a second term in the Senate, defeating his Republican opponent, Boston lawyer Vincent J. Celeste, by a wide margin ofvotes; this represented the largest ever margin in Massachusetts politics. Thompsonput together a film entitled The U. Kennedy Storywhich exhibited a day in the life of the Senator and showcased his family life John F Kennedy Essays well as the inner workings of his office.
It was the most comprehensive film produced about Kennedy up to that time. Inthe Senate voted to censure McCarthy and Kennedy drafted a speech supporting the censure.
However, it was not delivered because Kennedy was hospitalized at the time. The speech had the potential of putting Kennedy in the position of participating procedurally by "pairing" his vote against that of another senator.