The format of a review of literature may vary from discipline to discipline and from assignment to assignment.
A review may be a self-contained unit -- an end in itself -- or a preface to and rationale for engaging in primary research.
This handout will explain what literature reviews are and offer insights into the form and construction literature You’ve got to write a literature review. 1. Introduction. Not to be confused with a book review, a literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources (e.g. dissertations, conference. I also provide links at the end of this guide to resources that you should use in order to search the literature and as you write your review. Learn how to write a review of literature. What is a review of literature? Writing the introduction; Writing the body; Writing the conclusion; What is a review of. A literature review asks: What do we know - or not know - about this particular issue/ topic/ subject? How well you answer this question depends upon.
A review is a required part of grant and research proposals and often a chapter in theses and dissertations. Generally, the purpose of a review is to analyze critically a segment of a published body of knowledge through summary, classification, and comparison of prior research studies, reviews of literature, and theoretical articles. To learn more about literature reviews, take a look at our workshop on Writing Literature Reviews of Published Research.
Learn how to write a review of literature. What is a review of literature? Writing the introduction Writing the body Writing the conclusion What is a review of literature?
Writing the introduction In the introduction, you should: Define or identify the general topic, issue, or area of concern, thus providing an appropriate context for reviewing the literature. Point out overall trends in what has been published about the topic; or conflicts in theory, methodology, evidence, and conclusions; or gaps in research and scholarship; or a single problem or new perspective of immediate interest.
Establish the writer's reason point of view for reviewing the literature; explain the criteria to be used in analyzing and comparing literature and the organization of the review sequence ; and, when necessary, state why certain literature is or is not included scope. Group research studies and other types of literature reviews, theoretical articles, case studies, etc.
Summarize individual studies or articles with as much or as little detail as each merits according to its comparative importance in the literature, remembering that space length denotes significance.
Provide the reader with strong "umbrella" sentences at beginnings of paragraphs, "signposts" throughout, and brief "so what" summary sentences at intermediate points in the review to aid in understanding comparisons and analyses.
Tips for Writing a Literature Review
Writing the conclusion In the conclusion, you should: Summarize major contributions of significant studies and articles to the body of knowledge under review, maintaining the focus established in the introduction. Evaluate the current "state of the art" for the body of knowledge reviewed, pointing out major methodological flaws or gaps in research, inconsistencies in theory and findings, and areas or issues pertinent to future study.
Conclude by providing some insight into the relationship between the central topic of the literature review and a larger area of study such as a discipline, a scientific endeavor, or a profession.
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